Public Buildings
The market c. 1848 - no roof. The market in 2003 - roofed, still going strong
Pembroke Dock Market
The original walled marketplace, with a central building - the "weighing house" - was completed between 1826-7. At the same time, the Naval authorities improved Front Street "hard" and Commercial Row. Riverborne traders and customers now had a smooth landing place and road, making their journey to market easy and inviting. In the 1850s, the market was so well attended that entertainers and showmen did a thriving trade around the main gate. George Mason lovingly recalls the scene and characters in Pembroke Street. At Denzy's sweet stall, children could win sticks of rock. "Then John the nut man, with his uneven gun barrel, requiring a good deal of experience in aiming ... Charley Lock, the razor grinder", surrounded by boys "watching the sparks fly off Charley's grindstone. Long Joe, the ballad singer, who recounted in song all the events now to be found in daily newspapers; and Manning, the wonderful witty Cheap Jack, whose mobile face and speech created everlasting laughter ... " Market regulations, in 1857, were firm. No dogs or carts were permitted within the walls, and the officers could expel anyone causing trouble. The same fate awaited those "in a state of drunkenness" or anyone rash enough to "smoke tobacco or any other herb" on market premises. The Corporation bought the market in 1880-1. Traders provided their own stalls in the open market, but "on wet days it suffered through its lack of shelter". Councillor Thomas Cole suggested that part of the market be roofed. "Naturally", Mason recounts, "such a drastic proposal stirred the town, and a public meeting was held in the Temperance Hall to discuss the matter". After lively debate, the idea was approved. With the top area roofed in 1886, "trade ... increased immensely".
A huge roofed hall was now available for events ranging from concerts to mass meetings of Dockyard trade unionists. The Eisteddfods of of the late 1890s attracted large audiences. The 1905 Eisteddfod was in aid of the hospital, and featured a procession, prize giving and music. The evening concert was by the Westminster Glee Singers and the orchestra of the King's Shropshire Light Infantry. For more official purposes, the market buildings came to house a council chamber, used for the magistrates' court. This room was packed for a 1905 adultery case. The audience - mostly men - provided regular laughter at the proceedings. Alderman William Smith was proud that, in World War I, he helped helped organise refreshments and entertainment in the market every night for the soldiers and sailors who now filled the town. On Sunday evening concerts featured professional entertainers, often watched by "4,000 men enjoying themselves". The 1917 garrison boxing match attracted similar numbers. Recruiting meetings were also held here. The market housed the fire control point from which Arthur Morris and his crews set out to tackle the blazing oil tanks at Pennar. In 1941 the Market Hall itself was damaged by blast from a bomb intended for the nearby RAF station. The building, recently restored to a high standard, continues to house the regular Fridays market.
Public Buildings
The Temperance Hall stage, 1909. The band assembles in front of footlights, gas mantle and a striking backdrop.  The Temperance Hall after World War II air raids, Lewis Street side view.
The Temperance Hall (Pater Hall)
The Temperance Hall was built as a non alcoholic social centre for organisations such as the Rechabites' Friendly Society. It offered an alternative to the town's many inns and public houses. In 1845, the "earnest and eloquent" speeches of a visiting orator had focused the energies of local temperance supporters, particularly the public spirited businessman Mr Richard Tregenna. The idea of a Temperance Hall was well received, and two benefactors funded the project. "The only public hall in town" in the nineteenth century soon became a centre for more general entertainment and events - fundraising concerts and exhibitions for the Mechanics' Institute, penny readings, lectures, regimental band concerts, and performers ranging from the Pembroke Serenaders to the visiting "Hoffman's organophonic band". Popular RAF dances were held here before World War II. Rooms in the block behind the main hall accommodated smaller meetings, such as committees. The monthly County Court, for some time after 1872, convened at the Temperance Hall. Early in World War II, during the oil tank blaze, exhausted Bristol firemen were sleeping in the Temperance Hall. Bombers returned, and the hall took a direct hit. Some firemen were badly injured, but all escaped with their lives. The hall was wrecked. Today's Pater Hall stands on its site, continuing the old hall's function as a community centre for meetings, entertainment and dances.
The Temperance Hall has hosted concerts since the 1840s (as advertised below).
(Sources: Peters 60-62, 48; Armstrong, Tregenna; Evans, Glorious years 50; Scott, Hall died...; Scott, In harm's way 72; PH 22 May 1846) Pictures courtesy of: - Temperance Hall musicians, Mr Michael Blake - Temperance Hall side view, Pembrokeshire County Libraries - Advertisement: Temperance Hall concert, Pembrokeshire Records Office - Pater Hall basement, Pembroke Dock Town Council (photograph, Mrs Gwen Griffiths). Moonlightblue Community Services
The History of Pembroke Dock est.1814
The 1818 Act of Parliament authorising the Commissioners of the Navy to "establish a market at the town of Pembroke Dock" seems, in retrospect, rather optimistic. The planners had overlooked Pembroke market's ancient privileges. It took six years' bargaining, and £ 3,000 compensation, before a competing market was permitted.
In 2014 this plaque was renovated and re-installed in the side of Pater Hall. The ironic thing what was a plaque celebrating the building of a “Temperance Hall” should now be embedded in the new outside wall of the Pater Hall’s newly installed licensed bar (edit aj)
Photo. by Mrs Gwen Griffiths
Deep in the Pater Hall's basement, three explorers discover a relic salvaged from wartime rubble. The text commemorates a benefactor of the original Temperance Hall.
(Amendment, updates and additions) (AJ) Anndra Johnstone
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60 Pictures from Ron Watts book Pater to Pembroke Dock